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Proper nail preparation and sanitation

Free hands lathering soap and washing hands in the kitchen sink, public domain people CC0 photo.

Nail Preparation

Cleaning and Sanitizing Nails

Before starting any nail service, it is important to properly clean and sanitize the nails. This includes:

  • Removing any old polish
  • Buffing and filing the nails to the desired shape
  • Cleaning the nails with a disinfectant solution to remove any dirt or bacteria.

It is recommended to follow the guidelines provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for cleaning and sanitizing procedures. CDC Guidelines for Cleaning and Sanitizing

Proper Tool Sanitation

It is also important to properly sanitize all tools and equipment before and after each use. This includes items such as:

  • Nail files
  • Buffers
  • Clippers
  • Brushes

The use of disposable tools, such as files and buffers, can also help to reduce the spread of bacteria.

The guidelines provided by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for sanitation of tools and equipment should be followed. OSHA Guidelines for Tool Sanitation

Maintaining a Clean Work Area

In addition, it is important to maintain a clean and sanitary work area, including regularly cleaning and disinfecting surfaces, such as:

  • Nail table
  • Pedicure tub

The guidelines provided by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for cleaning and disinfecting surfaces should be followed. EPA Guidelines for Cleaning and Disinfecting

Hand Hygiene

Importance of Proper Hand Hygiene

Proper hand hygiene is also crucial in preventing the spread of infection. This includes:

  • Regularly washing hands with soap and water
  • Using hand sanitizer before and after each service.

It is recommended to follow the guidelines provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) for hand hygiene. WHO Guidelines for Hand Hygiene


Proper nail preparation and sanitation not only helps to ensure the health and safety of the client, but also helps to maintain the reputation and integrity of the nail technician. By following the guidelines provided by the CDC, OSHA, EPA and WHO, you can ensure that you are providing a safe and hygienic service to your clients.